Is Your Cholesterol High?

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High cholesterol is not a new condition, but many people lack a good understanding of what it entails. Can you say you know, what is high cholesterol? It is also called hypercholesterolemia by the geeks who can attest to this condition affecting a growing number of people.

   There are two ways high cholesterol can appear. If your blood has high LDL or low HDL cholesterol then you can be diagnosed with high cholesterol. The easy way to remember this is to think of “H” in HDL as homerun and the “L” in LDL as Losing. In short HDL is the good cholesterol and LDL is the bad.
Low density lipoproteins or LDL is the substance which builds up on the sides of your arteries. The result is the blood flow is slowed, because the LDL narrows the size of your artery.
High density lipoproteins or HDL is what gets rid of the bad cholesterol. In short high levels of HDL will help regulate the bad cholesterol in your blood.
VLDL (very low density lipoproteins) and Triglycerides are two other types of cholesterol. VLDL is composed of mostly fat and some protein. It is very similar to LDL. Triglycerides come from excess calories, alcohol and sugar which are converted in the liver and stored as fat cells all over the body. VLDL carry Triglycerides throughout the blood stream.
   While many may people may not be able to explain exactly what is high cholesterol, many can explain some of the health risks. Heart disease is a major risk of high cholesterol.
Heart disease is caused by plague building up in the arteries and this affects the flow of blood in the arteries. Hardening of the arteries is the next stage that results from this buildup. The technical name for this condition is atherosclerosis. At this point heart disease is apparent and if the blood supply to any portion of your heart is shut down, the result is heart attack.
   Chest pain called angina is another health risk. This results when not enough oxygen-carrying blood reaches the heart, because the amount of plague in the artery.
These risks usually happen suddenly due to the blockage happening after a blood clot forms on top of narrowing in an artery. Keeping the LDL low and the HDL high aids in limiting the plague in the arteries.
So how do people get high cholesterol? There are a number of ways to get high cholesterol. Eating unhealthy and family genes are two common ways people get high cholesterol. Age and gender are also factors that affect who gets high cholesterol. As we get older, cholesterol levels rise. Women tend to have lower cholesterol levels before menopause, but this tends to change after women reach 50. At this point women levels usually surpass men and it usually continues to increase until age 60-65.
A low-cholesterol diet can help improve cholesterol levels. Adding certain foods to your diet may be helpful. If the low-cholesterol diet does not work to lower bad cholesterol and increase good cholesterol, your doctor may prescribe medications. There are some over the counter options to aid is lowering cholesterol. One product is Red Yeast Rye.
   Controlling cholesterol levels should not only be thought about when there is a problem, but before you have any warning signs. If you closely manage your diet and the amount of cholesterol that you eat on a daily basis, you can put yourself onto a road that leads to a healthier cholesterol level throughout your life.

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